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Birds

60 different species of birds breed in Greenland, of which 20 species breed mainly on the coast. Half of the breeding birds migrate away from Greenland in winter.

Choose a bird from the list below and read about their biology, distribution and status in Greenland as well as about research and management.

A male rock ptarmigan. Photo: L.M. Rasmussen.

The birds are found everywhere in Greenland from the coast and to isolated nunataks or far out to sea. Only the inland ice is not a habitat for birds. The exploitation of birds has enabled humans to live in the Arctic. Eiders and arctic guillemots have been of particular importance to the household.